Contact by Email: tkashdan@gmu.edu
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Measures

Created by the Kashdan Lab Team

NOTE: These scales are available for free use in science or practice. No need to contact us to use them. Links are provided below to download PDF documents.

Curiosity

  1. The Five-Dimensional Curiosity Scale
    1. Kashdan, T.B., Stiksma, M.C.,†Disabato, D., McKnight, P.E., Bekier, J., Kaji, J., & Lazarus, R. (2018). The five-dimensional curiosity scale: Capturing the bandwidth of curiosity and identifying four unique subgroups of curious people. Journal of Research in Personality,  73, 130-149. NOTE: download a copy of the measure here in MSWord and as a PDF.
  2. Curiosity and Exploration Inventory-II
    1. Kashdan, T.B., Gallagher, M.W., Silvia, P.J., Winterstein, B.P., Breen, W.E., Terhar, D., & Steger, M.F. (2009). The Curiosity and Exploration Inventory-II: Development, factor structure, and initial psychometrics. Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 987-998.
    2. Existing Translations of the CEI-II: Spanish, Chinese, Italian, German, Russian, French, Norwegian, Portuguese, Finnish, Persian, Turkish, Dutch, Hungarian, Slovak, Czech, and more.
  3. Curiosity and Exploration Inventory
    1. Kashdan, T.B., Rose, P., & Fincham, F.D. (2004). Curiosity and exploration: Facilitating positive subjective experiences and personal growth opportunities. Journal of Personality Assessment, 82, 291-305.

Purpose in Life

  1. Everday effort and progress toward a purpose in life
    1. Kashdan, T.B., & McKnight, P.E. (2013). Commitment to a purpose in life: An antidote to the suffering by individuals with social anxiety disorder. Emotion, 13, 1150-1159.
    2. See p.1153

Experiential Avoidance

  1. Momentary experiential avoidance (for experiments or experience sampling studies)
    1. Kashdan, T.B., Goodman, F.R., Machell, K.A., Kleiman, E.M., Monfort, S.S., Ciarrochi, J., & Nezlek, J.B. (2014). A contextual approach to experiential avoidance and social anxiety: Evidence from an experimental interaction and daily interactions of people with social anxiety disorder. Emotion, 14, 769-781.
      1. Evidence for anxiety and experiential avoidance as two separate but related factors for Study 1 can be found on p. 773 of the results. For a replication in Study 2, see Table 3 and on p.9. NOTE: for Table 3, there is an error and the second anxiety item should be: ““I was worried that I would say or do the wrong things.”
    2. Kashdan, T.B., Farmer, A., Adams, L., Ferssizidis, P., McKnight, P.E., & Nezlek, J.B. (2013). Distinguishing healthy adults from people with social anxiety disorder: Evidence for the value of experiential avoidance and positive emotions in everyday social interactions. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 122, 645-655.
      1. First paper that uses the experiential avoidance scale in Kashdan et al. (2014)

Social Anxiety

  1. Momentary social anxiety (for experiments or experience sampling studies)
    1. Kashdan, T.B., Goodman, F.R., Machell, K.A., Kleiman, E.M., Monfort, S.S., Ciarrochi, J., & Nezlek, J.B. (2014). A contextual approach to experiential avoidance and social anxiety: Evidence from an experimental interaction and daily interactions of people with social anxiety disorder. Emotion, 14, 769-781.
      1. For items, see p.4 and Table 3 on p.9
      2. There is a mistake on p.9, Table 3, as item 2 of anxiety should be “I was worried that I would say or do the wrong things”
    2. Kashdan, T.B., Farmer, A., Adams, L., Ferssizidis, P., McKnight, P.E., & Nezlek, J.B. (2013). Distinguishing healthy adults from people with social anxiety disorder: Evidence for the value of experiential avoidance and positive emotions in everyday social interactions. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 122, 645-655.
      1. First paper that uses the social anxiety scale in Kashdan et al. (2014)
    3. Kashdan, T.B., & Steger, M. (2006). Expanding the topography of social anxiety: An experience sampling assessment of positive emotions and events, and emotion suppression. Psychological Science, 17, 120-128.
      1. See Table 1 on p.122

Emotion Regulation Strategies

  1. Momentary use of cognitive reappraisal and suppression (for experiments or experience sampling studies)
    1. Kashdan, T.B., & Steger, M. (2006). Expanding the topography of social anxiety: An experience sampling assessment of positive emotions and events, and emotion suppression. Psychological Science, 17, 120-128.
      1. See Table 1 on p.122
  2. Habitual attempts to conceal or suppress affect (Concealing subscale), a general ability to manage, adjust, and work with emotions as needed (Adjusting subscale), and an accepting and tolerant attitude toward emotions (Tolerating subscale).
    1. Hofmann, S.G., & Kashdan, T.B. (2010). The Affective Style Questionnaire: Development and psychometric properties. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32, 255-263.

Well-Being

  1. Daily inventory of hedonic and eudaimonic events
    1. Steger, M.F., Kashdan, T.B., & Oishi, S. (2008). Being good by doing good: Daily eudaimonic activity and well-being. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 22-42.

Personal Striving Coding System

  1. System to code personal goals/strivings/projects on the amount to which they reflect emotion regulation themes
    1. Kashdan, T.B., Breen, W.E., & Julian, T. (2010). Everyday strivings in combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder: Problems arise when avoidance and emotion regulation dominate. Behavior Therapy, 41, 350-363.
    2. See Appendix A on p.361

Life Narrative Coding System

  1. System to code sources or antecedents of anger into categories
    1. Kashdan, T.B., Goodman, F.R., Mallard, T.T., & DeWall, C.N. (2016). What triggers anger in everyday life? Exploring links to the intensity, control, and regulation of these emotions, as well as personality traits. Journal of Personality
    2. Download the supplementary coding manual
    3. Download the supplementary tables on subcategories of anger episodes
  2. System to code emotion intensity, coping ability, and experiential avoidance in written documents.
    1. Kashdan, T.B., Breen, W.E., Terhar, D., & Afram, A. (2010). Experiential avoidance in idiographic, autobiographical memories: Construct validity and links to social anxiety, depressive, and anger symptoms. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 24, 528-534.
    2. See Appendix A on p.534

Personality Strengths

  1. Perceived Benefits and Costs of Romantic Partner Strengths
    1. Kashdan, T.B., Blalock, D.V., Young, K.C., Machell, K.A., Monfort, S.S., McKnight, P.E., & Ferssizidis, P. (in press). Personality strengths in romantic relationships: Measuring perceptions of benefits and costs and their impact on personal and relational well-being. Psychological Assessment
    2. Strength Balance
      1. Young, K.C., Kashdan, T.B., & Macatee, R. (2014). Strength balance and implicit strength measurement: New considerations for research on strengths of character. Journal of Positive Psychology, 10, 17-24.
        1. See p. 4 for the operationalization of strength balance
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